"Our grandmothers were very much able to educate them and tell them that we pray with the tobacco and we put tobacco down. You pray to that color, you pray for that healing of that color to come and embrace you and protect you. So that's what the shawl represented to us, it was an embracement of life. (Native language).
It's a very high honor to be presented with a shawl. When we create our beautiful patterns of applique designs on our shawls. When we create our beadwork and our regalia, when we create with our medicines and make teas and give them to the ones that need that healing. It's a very beautiful thing that happens."