Diabetes is diagnosed with blood tests. There are two main tests which are used. The simplest is called a fasting blood sugar or FBS. Two FBS tests on different occasions are required to make the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. The other test is called an oral glucose tolerance test or OGTT. It takes a little more time (two hours), but only one test is usually required.
A fasting blood sugar (FBS)
- A sample of blood is drawnusually early in the morningbefore any food or drink is taken (except water)
- The test examines the concentration of sugar (glucose) present in the blood
- 126 mg/dl or higher indicates diabetes
- The test should be repeated on a second occasion to confirm the result
- A fasting blood sugar test is done first, then
- A concentrated sugar drink is given
- Exactly 2 hours after the sugar drink, another blood sample is drawn to check the concentration of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
- One has diabetes if OGTT result after 2 hours is at or above 200 mg/dl
- mg/dl means milligram per deciliter
- mg/dl is a unit of measurement used to measure blood glucose concentration.