The purpose of this leaf is to explain basic information on the three most common types of diabetes:
- TYPE I (also called juvenile diabetes)
- TYPE II (also called adult onset diabetes)
- GESTATIONAL (diabetes of pregnancy)
- Gestational means during pregnancy
What is Type 1 diabetes?
- Also called juvenile diabetes
- In this diabetes, the body does not produce insulin
- Insulin has to be given daily
- This type of diabetes occurs more commonly among children and youth, but lasts a lifetime
What is type 2 diabetes?
- Also called adult onset diabetes
- Develops when the body does not produce enough insulin
- or the body is unable to use its insulin
- this is called becoming insulin resistant
- This type of diabetes is most common in AI/AN
- The extra weight gained during pregnancy can trigger Type 2 diabetes.
- Once the baby is delivered, the blood sugar usually returns to normal.
- Experiencing gestational diabetes puts women at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes
- Especially if inactive and overweight
Gestational diabetes and newborns
- Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes often weigh more
- These babies are also at a greater risk of developing diabetes as they get older
- These babies are also often diagnosed with diabetes at an early age
Can you have diabetes and become pregnant?
- Yes, you can become pregnant
- But, your prenatal care during this and other pregnancies will have to be closely monitored by your doctor
- You may need to see your doctor more often
- And your medicine and testing may also be more frequent so that both you and the baby remain healthy